About 100 million years ago South America separated from Africa and went moving towards the west, whereas India and Madagascar separated from the block formed by Australia and the Antarctic and went moving towards the northeast at the vertiginous speed of 15 centimeters per year. About 90 million years ago during the Late Cretaceous Madagascar separated from India and in its displacement towards the north it ran aground when hitting the African plate and slowed down its displacement, whereas India continued ascending towards the northeast until hitting the Asian plate makes about 35 million years, initiating the formation of the mountain range of the Himalayas that has still not finished.
All Platycerium have two kinds of leaves or fronds. At the base of the plant on more o less horizontal position and a fan or kidney form is a basal sterile frond that covers and protects the rhizomes from drying out. The rhizome is short and is firmly anchored on the bark of a tree. From the center of the sterile frond they sprout fertile fronds growing upright at first and gradually becoming pendulous.
The basal sterile frond conserves the reniform typical form of prothallus or gametophyte of all ferns. It looks like a giant gametophyte. This detail reminds us of the great antiquity and primitiveness of the genus Platycerium ferns.